PDF Frozen Teardrop: The Tragedy and Triumph of Figure Skatings Queen of Spin

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If it's a chaotic mess like the Frozen Tear drops, no thanks. I live as I think is right. More topics from this board Keep me logged in on this device. Forgot your username or password? User Info: gamemaniac85 gamemaniac85 8 years ago 1 I would love to see a reboot of my favorite Gundam Series User Info: Supagundam Supagundam 8 years ago 8 I highly doubt it, wing is only really loved so much in america and not japan so i doubt they would get a 'reboot' The Novel seems to be highly popular.

USAGundamStore is having a clearance sale. Was Gundam W a good series? How are the Victory and Turn A Gundam series? I never had a RG gunpla before, do they come with action base? Started watching Zeta and I have a few questions. Olympic-sized rinks make the differences in skill between skaters more apparent but they are not available for all events. If a rink has different dimensions, a skater's jump setup and speed may be hindered as he or she adjusts.

Ice quality is judged by smoothness, friction, hardness, and brittleness. Inadequate ice quality may affect skaters' performances. Some rinks have a harness system installed to help skaters learn new jumps in a controlled manner. A heavy-duty cable is securely attached to two of the walls around the ice, with a set of pulleys riding on the cable. The skater can then practice the jump with the coach assisting the completion.

This is used when a skater needs more help on a jump. However, if the coaches see fit, they could use another harness usually called "the fishing pole harness. The skater will put on the harness and the coach will adjust it so it fits the skater.

The skater will go and do the jump with very little help from their coach. They can also do the jump on any pattern they choose, whereas, the other harness, they must do in a straight line. As an Olympic sport, figure skating comprises the following disciplines: [13]. The four disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating and ice dance are also incorporated into a team event, which appeared on the Olympic program for the first time at the Winter Olympics.

Each element receives a score according to its base value and grade of execution GOE , resulting in a combined technical elements score TES. At competitions, a technical specialist identifies the elements and assigns each one a level of difficulty, ranging from B Basic to Level 4 most difficult.

The GOE is weighted according to the base value of the element. The ISU defines a fall as a loss of control with the result that the majority of the skater's body weight is not on the blade but supported by hands, knees, or buttocks. Jumps involve the skater leaping into the air and rotating rapidly to land after completing one or more rotations.

There are many types of jumps, identified by the way the skater takes off and lands, as well as by the number of rotations that are completed. Each jump receives a score according to its base value and grade of execution GOE. A downgraded triple is treated as a double jump, while a downgraded double is treated as a single jump.

An edge violation occurs when a skater executes a jump on the incorrect edge.

Best Spins of Figure Skating 2018/19 (feat. senior, junior, novice ladies)

The hollow is a groove on the bottom of the blade which creates two distinct edges, inside and outside. The inside edge of the blade is on the side closest to the skater, the outside edge is on the side farthest from the skater, and a flat refers to skating on both edges at the same time, which is discouraged. An unclear edge or edge violation is indicated with an 'e' and reflected in the GOE according to the severity of the problem. Flutz and lip are the colloquial terms for a Lutz and flip jump with an edge violation.

In , the ISU enacted a rule stating that a skater may perform each type of triple only once in a program, or twice if one of them is incorporated into a combination or sequence. For a set of jumps to be considered a combination , each jump must take off from the landing edge of the previous jump, with no steps, turns, or change of edge in between jumps. Toe loops and loops are commonly performed as the second or third jump in a combination because they take off from the back outside edge of the landing foot, or skating leg.

To perform a salchow or flip on the back end of a combination, a half loop which is actually a full rotation, but lands on a back inside edge of the landing leg may be used as a connecting jump. In contrast, jump sequences are sets of jumps which may be linked by non-listed jumps or hops. A figure skater only needs to be able to jump in one direction, either clockwise or counter-clockwise.

The vast majority of figure skaters prefer to rotate in a counter-clockwise direction when jumping. Thus, for clarity, all jumps will be described for a skater jumping counter-clockwise. There are six jumps in figure skating that count as jump elements. All six are landed on one foot on the back outside edge with counter-clockwise rotation, for single and multi-revolution jumps , but have different takeoffs, by which they may be distinguished.

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The two categories of jumps are toe jumps and edge jumps. The number of rotations performed in the air determines whether the jump is a single, double, triple, or quadruple commonly known as a " quad ". The simplest jump begins with a waltz jump which can only be done in a half-leap and is not classified as a single, double, or triple jump. Senior-level male single skaters perform mostly triple and quadruple jumps in competition. Triple jumps other than the Axel are commonly performed by female single skaters.

It is extremely rare for a female skater to land a quadruple jump; the only two female single skaters to be credited with quads in competition are Miki Ando , who landed the first quad Salchow in Dec , and Alexandra Trusova , who landed the first quad Toe Loop and only the second quad Salchow in March , both at the Junior level. Alexandra Trusova also was the first female to ever land 2 quadruple jumps in competition, the quad salchow and the quad toe loop.

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She was only 13 years old at the time. Some elite skaters can complete a jump in about one second, with 26 inches of height and 10 feet in distance. Toe jumps are launched by digging the toe pick of one skate into the ice, using it to vault into the air with the opposite leg. The main toe jumps are in order of score value : [19].


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All of the above descriptions assume a counter-clockwise direction of rotation, landing backwards on the outside edge of the right foot. For clockwise rotation, the skater takes off using the alternative foot and lands backwards on the outside edge of the left foot. Again, these descriptions assume a counter-clockwise direction of rotation, landing backwards on the outside edge of the right foot.

For clockwise rotation, the skater takes off using the alternative foot and always lands backwards on the outside edge of the left foot. There are also a number of other jumps that are usually performed only as single jumps and in elite skating are used as transitional movements or highlights in step sequences. These include the half toe loop ballet jump , half loop, half flip, walley jump , waltz jump , inside Axel, one-foot Axel, and split jump.

There are two kinds of split jump:. Kevin van der Perren rotates in the air. Jamal Othman lands on the right back outside edge. Pairs skaters Marissa Castelli and Simon Shnapir set up for a throw jump.

Book Review: Lucinda Ruh’s “Frozen Teardrop”

Anabelle Langlois lands after performing a throw jump with Cody Hay. Spins are a required element in all four Olympic disciplines. There are three basic positions — upright, sit and camel — with numerous variations. Spins may be performed individually or in a spin sequence, combining different types of spin; a spin sequence is known as a "combination spin".

During a spin, the skater rotates on the front rocker sometimes called the "sweet spot" or "spin rocker" , which is the curved part of the blade that corresponds to the ball of the skater's foot, just behind the toe pick. A spin may be executed on the back rocker of the blade during a change of edge spin. For example, a back scratch spin will flip edges to a forward inside edge. This feature of a spin will change the level of a spin.

A figure skater only needs to be able to spin in one direction, either clockwise or counter-clockwise. Most skaters favor a counter-clockwise direction of rotation when spinning as in jumping , but there are some skaters who prefer to spin in the clockwise direction. A small minority of skaters are able to spin in both directions. Spins may be performed on either foot. For skaters who rotate in a counter-clockwise direction, a spin on the left foot is called a forward spin, while a spin on the right foot is called a back spin.